will, in later years, be seen as a turning point. Things will
never be the same again.
– The then British Ambassador to the UN, Ivor Richardson, describing
the UN resolution for a New International Economic Order
The New International Economic Order
(NIEO) is seldom
mentioned these days and yet it is the harbinger of globalisation.
It was the 1974 United Nations resolution on the NIEO and the attendant
1975 Lima Declaration on Industrial Development and Cooperation,1
which began the drive for reduction of tariffs, removal of impediments
to free trade and the introduction of the so-called level playing
field. The then US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was mentor
of the NIEO resolution. In announcing the shift toward a global
economy, Kissinger declared: All nations can now participate
in a common world monetary system. The process of economic
globalisation had begun.
The United Nations (UN) declared that the NIEO would help poor,
debt ridden third world nations become wealthy and banish disparities
in the world. This was to be achieved by transferring at least 25
percent of the worlds industrialisation and manufacturing
processes from developed nations to less developed countries by
the year 2000.
The transfer of wealth from rich to poor nations never occurred.
But what the NIEO did achieve was dramatic structural changes in
the world economy in the areas of commodities, natural resources,
trade and monetary reform. In line with the Lima declaration, important
manufacturing and industrialisation processes were transferred to
third world nations, where people, the environment and natural resources
were able to be acutely exploited by Transnational Corporations (TNCs). For the developing nations, the NIEO meant that world market
leaders such as Nike sport shoes corporation or the toys giant Mattell
no longer needed to keep factories under their own management. They
simply allocated orders to changing producers from Indonesia through
to Poland or Mexico to any country where costs were low and
people could be employed on starvation wages.
For the rich nations, the NIEO was equally disastrous. Millions
of people lost their jobs. With the growth of just-in-time production,
companies called for just-in-time workers the day labourer
was back! Many workers had their incomes savaged and were forced
to accept lower wages and poor employment conditions. The part-time
and casual workforce increased. Small to medium enterprises unable
to compete with the buying power of TNCs were swallowed up. Primary
industries were deregulated and bankrupted as agribusiness conglomerates
assumed control. Wage workers were transformed into human resources.
The public sector was corporatised, then privatised.
The real beneficiaries of the NIEO were the worlds top transnational
companies, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) the World Bank
and the United Nations. Economic globalisation, the final outcome
of the NIEO, provided TNCs with access to new markets, cheap sources
of labour and subsidised production facilities. The IMF, a private
insurance company, used its leverage to compel sovereign nations
to implement necessary structural adjustments ensuring wages and
real living standards were pared down. Meanwhile, the World Bank
advanced billions of dollars to third world nations for NIEO development
projects,2 ensuring that the Banks loans to
heavily indebted nations could be carried on the books as performing
assets. The United Nations cheered from the sidelines. What the
UN had failed to achieve politically a world government
would now be brought about via economic means.
Economic globalisation has necessitated and facilitated the e-commerce
revolution. This so-called revolution has many important features.
Firstly, e-commerce transactions are cashless, taking place in cyberspace
over the Internet. Secondly, e-commerce transactions are globalised
they can take place anywhere in the world where there is
Internet access. Third, for e-commerce transactions to be secure,
participants need to verify their identity via a digital signature
or biometric device. This identification regime will become paramount
as more and more people utilise e-commerce facilities.
As e-commerce spreads, we will see a gradual transmigration to a
world currency e-currency fostered via the Internet,
a tool originally developed for use by the US military. As the e-commerce
revolution continues, it will be necessary to have a truly global
bank of issue for the one world currency. The outgoing director
of the IMF, Michel Camdessus, his underling Stanley Fischer,3
and international financier Georg Soros, have already started to
talk up the possibility of the IMF becoming a world central bank.4
The worlds leading information and telecommunication companies
are now spearheading the development of a global information infrastructure.
Once fully developed, this infrastructure will form the basis for
the one world money system, based on the e-currency. How is this
infrastructure evolving? Who are the key players? And what are their
end goals? To find out, we go back to 1 January 2000.
Many New Dawn readers will remember the former US Deputy
Secretary of Defense, Dr. John Hamre, who took a lead role in preparing
the US Defense Departments computer networks for the Y2K rollover.
Just ten days after the rollover, Hamre announced his resignation.
His new posting as President and Chief Executive Officer of the
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a think tank
representing the Washington establishment, draws together many threads
in the puzzling Y2K scenario.5 It was Hamre who said
of Y2K, this is going to have implications for American society
and the world that we cant even comprehend. Certainly
there were implications for the world, but not the disasters and
social disruptions we were all expecting. The real story is that
Y2K was the capstone in long range plans for the e-commerce revolution
and an important step towards the cashless one world monetary system.
We begin with the establishment of the International Y2K Cooperation
Centre (IY2KCC), set up under the auspices of the United Nations
and funded by the World Bank, the two organisations at the forefront
of the NIEO declaration. The IY2KCC became the focus of media attention
during the rollover to 2000, but as country after country gave the
all-clear signal, the Centre became the laughing stock of the world.
The IY2KCC was dubbed a white elephant, but in reality it was a
Trojan horse. The so-called Y2K emergency facilitated
a computer hook up of governments from over 200 countries and territories
throughout the world. From Albania to Zimbabwe, countries were networked
into the IY2KCC computer system. A system with the capacity to monitor
all of the vital sectors within each country including energy; telecommunications;
finance; air, sea and land transport; health and hospitals; government
services; customs and immigration; food and water. Nearly all governments
throughout the world now have dedicated computer links to the UN,
and are able to report on the operations of all of their critical
infrastructures a vital step towards global governance.
The IY2KCC is one of the largest on-line computer networks ever
established. No wonder governments were scrambling to become Y2K
compliant and the World Bank was siphoning billions of dollars to
developing nations to help with Y2K upgrades. They all had to be
linked into the IY2KCC. Not surprisingly, IY2KCC Director Bruce
McConnell is now negotiating with the UN, the World Bank, and national
Y2K coordinators to find ways of putting the computer network to
good use. Accordingly, the Centre will remain operational in cyberspace,
for research purposes.
Now to the IY2KCC sponsors. These are the organisations that work
in partnership with the UN and the World Bank to help the IY2KCC
along. They are: !Candle, the IY2KCC mailing list coordinator; DEL,
the Direct Computer Systems Company; the US Federal Reserve, which
provided the hardware and software for the IY2KCC; the META Group,
administrator of the IY2KCC Yes Corps;6 the Centre
for Quality and Productivity, coordinator for the Yes Corps volunteers;
and WITSA, the World Information Technology and Services Alliance,
the administrator of the IY2KCC.
Now we really see who was running the IY2KCC and the likely purpose
behind it. The two important entities involved are the US Federal
Reserve and WITSA. The US Federal Reserve needs no introduction,
suffice to say that for many years the Fed has been behind the push
for a one world currency in all its guises. The second
organisation, WITSA, is a consortium of 32 information technology industry associations
from economies around the world. Founded in 1978 (just a few years
after the NIEO declaration), WITSA touts itself as the global voice
of the IT industry and has been instrumental in the development
of the e-commerce revolution.
Term Covert Planning
So what is the significance of Dr. John Hamres presence at
the Centre for Strategic and International Studies? And what does
the IY2KCC have to do with the e-commerce revolution? Here is how
it all fits together. The Centre for Strategic and International
Studies7 is funded by contributions from more than
300 transnational corporations, foundations, and individuals.8
(CSIS illuminaries are listed at end of article.) The CSIS represents
the globalists with illuminaries such as Henry Kissinger (remember,
he was the mentor of the NIEO resolution) and Zbignew Brezinski
Importantly, the Center for Strategic and International Studies
has had a long term interest in electronic transactions and surveillance.
In 1971, long before we had heard of e-commerce, CSIS assigned a
group of informatics specialists to develop a system of surveillance
of all citizens in a manner neither obvious nor intrusive. The best
way to keep citizens under surveillance, CSIS concluded, was to
develop a national EFTPOS system.
One of the principal projects of the CSIS is the formation of the
Global Information Infrastructure Commission (GIIC), a private grouping
of elites, dedicated to driving the e-commerce revolution forward.
The stated goal of the GIIC is to work towards a global networked
economy in which every nation and individual has a chance
to participate. To cut through this doublespeak, what a global
networked economy means is access and connectivity to the Internet
and more electronic commerce for all. That means ordinary people,
sitting in their house with a PC, ordering everything online from
groceries to pizza and lawn mowing services, verifying their identity
via a biometric device or a digital signature. Outside the home,
there will be Internet kiosks, which will become as prolific as
ATMs are now.
The GIIC says it is the only truly global organisation addressing
the information revolution economy as it fundamentally impacts societies,
nations and individuals operating within the global networked economy.
Who are these comm-issioners that the CSIS has charged with this
important job? They are none other than representatives from the
worlds top information technology companies, tele-communications
providers, the United Nations and the World Bank (GIIC Commissioners
are fully listed at end of article). These are the same people that
have a vested interested in the development of a one world monetary
system. These are the people behind the push for a global information
infrastructure which will propel the e-commerce revolution to the
far flung corners of the earth.
The GIIC is a founding member of the Alliance for Global Business.
The other members of the AGB are the Business Industry Advisory
Committee to the OECD (BIAC); the International Chamber of Commerce
(ICC);9 International Telecommunications Users Group
(INTUG), and the previously mentioned World Information Technology
and Services Alliance (WITSA) the IY2KCC administrator.
The self-important Alliance for Global Business has issued a set
of fundamental principles as the basis for policymaking for electronic
commerce in the document, Global Action Plan for Electronic
Commerce. The document advocates tax neutrality for e-commerce
(which is great for the TNCs) and provides views on the full range
of e-commerce issues, including privacy, cryptography, consumer
protection in the online environment, intellectual property protection,
standards, competition, and Internet governance.
The AGB is presently using the Global Action Plan for Electronic
Commerce in discussions with several other international
including the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the Asia Pacific Economic
Cooperation (APEC) forum and the Free Trade Area of the Americas.
It was also officially submitted to Organisation for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD) governments at the October 1998 OECD Ministerial
Conference on Electronic Commerce. This Global Action Plan
for Electronic Commerce has been presented to governments
of the world without even any input from non-governmental organisations
(NGOs) or so-called civil society organisations.
The final link in this e-commerce web is the US military. The organisation
that brought us the Internet, and the organisation which sent Dr.
Hamre to the CSIS to oversee the entire big brother operation
the end game plan the introduction of a one world money system
e-currency. The e-commerce revolution will slowly spawn a
regime of identification and control via biometric verification
devices. The potential for surveillance of a persons digital
persona, or data trail is unlimited. A working model has already
been established through the EFTPOS system.
The US National Security Agency (NSA), the military organisation
that runs the world wide Echelon system, is the group at the forefront
of the worldwide push for the biometric identification regime. The
NSA sponsored Biometric Consortium, established in 1992, has been
conducting and developing advanced biometric processing, testing,
and evaluation techniques. The Consortium is comprised of representatives
from six executive departments of the US Government and each of
the military services.
Headquartered at NSAs Fort Mead installation, the Consortium
is working to increase the global availability of biometric authentication
and identification technologies. It is one of the primary sources
of technical information for biometric applications under consideration
by governments and corporations worldwide.
The co-Chairs of the Biometric Consortium are Jeffrey S. Dunn of
the NSA and Fernando Podio of the US National Institute of Standards
and Technology. The Biometric Consortium works closely with the
BioAPI Consortium, of which Podio is also a member. The BioAPI Consortium
was formed in April 1998 with the intent of developing a biometric
API (application) standard. This worldwide standard for biometric
devices would ensure the compatibility and interoperability of biometrics
across the board.
To conclude, lets have a look at the overall picture. First
we had the UN and the World Bank pushing for a New International
Economic Order under the guise of helping developing countries.
The resolution was mentored through the UN by the then Secretary
of State, Henry Kissinger. The NIEO via the 1975 Lima Declaration
became official policy of most of the worlds governments throughout
the late 1970s and into the 1980s. The process of economic globalisation
was under way.
Meanwhile, the US military had been developing the Internet, and
finally commercialised it, bringing about the information revolution.
This enabled the e-commerce environment to really take off. To ensure
that online transactions are secure, a persons identity will
need to be verified via a biometric device or digital signature.
The NSA saw the big picture unfolding and got in on the act to ensure
it had control of biometric technologies, co-opting the worlds
major biometric companies.
At the other end of the spectrum, the Centre for Strategic and International
Studies began its inquiries into surveillance techniques that would
enable ordinary citizens to be monitored by big brother, ultimately
the NSA. They came up with a national EFTPOS system, the logical
extension of which would be e-commerce. CSIS founded the Global
Information Infrastructure Commission, to ensure that e-commerce
would develop within a harmonised regulatory framework providing
a standardised operating environment. The GIIC sponsored
the Alliance for Global Business, advanced a global action plan
for e-commerce, ensuring that governments themselves became major
players in the e-commerce revolution.
The Year 2000 date change linked up governments worldwide to the
UN sponsored, World Bank funded IY2KCC. The US Federal Reserve provided
the hardware and software for the Centre, and WITSA, a member of
the AGB served as its administrator. The computer network established
via the IY2KCC could well become the hub of the future e-commerce
one world monetary system.
Unless nation states restore the primacy of politics over economics,
the dramatic fusing together of humanity through technology and
trade will take place. Will we continue to sit back and marvel at
the wonders of the Internet and the convenience of e-commerce as
the chains of slavery are fastened to us? Will complacency deliver
us into the hands of the one world monetary system? Are we so dazzled
by technological innovation that we will willingly accept the NSAs
biometric regime? This is what the globalists are counting on. We
must say no to this system now, while there is still a chance that
it can be defeated. If we do not act now, many of us will end up
fighting against it in the future, when there is no hope of victory
1. United Nations Industrial Development Organisation, Second General
Conference of the United Nations Industrial Development
Lima, Peru, 12-26 March 1975 LIMA DECLARATION AND PLAN OF ACTION
ON INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AND CO-OPERATION, adopted by the Second
General Conference of UNIDO at its final plenary meeting.
2. A good example is the World Banks partnership with
The partnership is promoting the development and use of tailor-made,
off-the-shelf fossil fuel fired power plants.
3. Fischer has been nominated for the IMF Executive Directors
4. This was discussed in March 1999.
5. On 1st May, 2000, Dr. Kurt Campbell, US Deputy Assistant Secretary
of Defense for Asia and Pacific affairs for the past five years,
will become CSIS senior vice president and director of the CSIS
International Security program.
6. The YES Corps are volunteers who would sign up with the IY2KCC
to assist during the emergency period.
7. CSIS was founded in 1962.
8. This funding constitutes 85 percent of the revenues required
to meet the Centers budget, which in 1998 was $17 million.
The remaining funds come from endowment income, government contracts,
and publication sales.
9. The International Chamber of Commerce is the all powerful self-declared
world business organisation. The ICC represents the largest transnational
corporations including General Motors, Novartis, Bayer and Nestle.
For many years, the ICC has been behind the WTO, G7 and OECD push
for so-called free trade. The UN and the ICC have agreed upon a
joint series of business investment guides to the 48
countries that the UN identifies as least developed.
Susan Bryce is an investigative journalist and researcher. Her interests
include democracy and freedom, the technologies of political control,
environmental health and global politics. She can be contacted at
PO Box 66 Kenilworth Qld Australia 4574. email: email@example.com
Biometric Identification Inc.
Business Integrated Technology Solutions (BITS)
Dialog Communications Systems AG
Image Computing Incorporated (ICI)
Infineon Technologies (formerly Seimens)
Integrated Visions, Inc.
I/O Software, Inc.
J. Markowitz Consulting
National Biometrics Test Center
indicates BioAPI Consortium steering committee members
Members Of The Centre For Strategic & International Studies:
& CEO: Dr. John Hamre
Senior Vice President: Dr. Kurt Campbell (also director of the CSIS
International Security program)
Sam Nunn, partner, King and Spalding; Former US Senator*
Vice Chairman: David M. Abshire Cofounder, CSIS; President, The
Center for the Study of the Presidency
Chairman Executive Committee: Anne Armstrong,* Former US Ambassador
to Great Britain
Members: Lester M. Alberthal, Jr.; Betty Beene; Reginald K. Brack,
Jr.; William E. Brock; Harold Brown; Zbigniew Brzezinski; Robert
A. Day; Richard Fiarbanks (ex officio)*; Michael P. Galvin*; Joseph
T. Gorman; Carla A. Hills; Ray L. Hunt; James A. Kelly (ex officio);
Henry A. Kissinger; Donald B. Marron; Homer A. Neal; John E. Pepper;
William J. Perry; Charles A. Sanders; John C. Sawhill; James R.
Schlesinger; William A. Schreyer*; Brent Scowcroft; Murray Weidenbaum;
Dolores D. Wharton; Frederick Whittemore; R. James Woolsey; Amos
A. Jordan, Emeritus; Leonard H. Marks, Emeritus; Robert S. Strauss,
*member of the Executive Committee
Board: composed of both public and private sector policymakers,
including 11 members of the US Congress. The Board is co-chaired
by Zbigniew Brzezinski and Carla Hills.
Corporate Officers: Richard Fairbanks, President and CEO; Anthony
A. Smith, Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer;
Erik R. Peterson, Senior Vice President and Director of Studies;
Bradley D. Belt, Vice President for International Finance and Economic
Policy; Judy L. Harbaugh, Vice President for Development; Robin
Niblett, Vice President for Strategic Planning; M. Jon Vondracek,
Vice President for External Relations; Brenda Palmer, Vice President
for Finance and Administration
Counselors: CSIS Counselors are world-class strategists who have
formerly held top-level government posts. They are: William E. Brock;
Harold Brown; Zbigniew Brzezinski; Henry A. Kissinger; Sam Nunn;
James R. Schlesinger
Distinguished Senior Scholars: Fred C. Iklé (in residence);
Senior Advisers; J. Carter Beese; Arnaud de Borchgrave; Charles
Bowman; M. Stanton H. Burnett; Richard R. Burt; William Clark, Jr.;
Diana Lady Dougan; Luis E. Giusti; Ernest Graves; Amos A. Jordan;
Max M. Kampelman; Robert H. Kupperman; David McCurdy; Thomas F.
(Mack) McLarty (special counselor); The Duke of Westminster
Mr. H. Brian Thompson, Chairman & CEO, Global TeleSystems Group,
GIIC Europe and Africa Co-Chair
Dr. Volker Jung, Executive Vice-President, Member of the Managing
Board, Siemens AG (Germany)
GIIC Asia Co-Chair
Mr. Michio Naruto, Vice Chairman, Fujitsu Limited (Japan)
GIIC Steering Committee Chair
Mr. W. Bowman Cutter, Managing Director, E.M. Warburg, Pincus &
Company, LLC. (US)
Steering Committee Chair Emeritus
The Honorable Diana Lady Dougan, Senior Advisor, Center for Strategic
& International Studies (US)
Mr. Hironori Aihara, Executive Vice President, Mitsubishi Corporation
Dr. K.Y. Amoako, Under Secretary-General, UN, and Executive Secretary,
Dr. Boris Antoniuk, Chairman & CEO, Teleport - TP (Russia)
Mr. Hiroshi Araki, President, TEPCO (Japan)
Mr. David A. Bayer, Chairman of the Board, Leo One Corporation (US)
Mr. Koos Bekker, Managing Director of Naspers, and Director of MIH
Dr. Lewis Branscomb, Professor Harvard University (US)
Mr. John T. Chambers, President & CEO, CISCO Systems
Mr. Gustavo Cisneros, Chairman & CEO, Cisneros Group of Companies
Mr. James E. Daley, Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer,
Electronic Data Systems (US)
Dr. Hisham El Sherif, Chairman of the Advisory Board, Regional Information
Technology & Software Engineering Center (RITSEC) (Egypt)
Mr. Rui Fernandes, Managing Director, Telecom de Mocambique (Mozambique)
Mr. Fernando Xavier Ferreira, CEO, TELESP and Tele-sudeste (Brazil)
Dr. Geoff G. Garrett, President and CEO, Council for Scientific
and Industrial Research (CSIR) (South Africa)
Dr. Wadi Haddad, President, Knowledge Enterprise (US)
Mr. Jeffrey A. Hedberg, Member of the Board, International Division,
Deutsche Telekom AG (Germany)
Mr. Edward Horowitz, Executive Vice President, Citibank
Mr. Hiroshi Kuwahara, Vice President, Hitachi, Ltd. (Japan)
Mr. Ray Lane, President and Chief Operating Officer, Oracle Corporation
Mr. Rolf-Dieter Leister, Independent Consultant for Information
Mr. Richard Li, Chairman & Chief Executive, Pacific Century
Group (Hong Kong)
The Honorable Lü Xinkui, Vice Minister, Ministry of Information
Mr. Olof Lundberg, Chairman, ICO Global Communications
Dr. Klaus Mangold, Chairman of the Board, DEBIS Daimler Benz AG
Datuk Wira Said Mohamed Ali, Chief Executive, Telekom Malaysia (Malaysia)
Adv. Dikgang Ernest Moseneke, Chairman, Telkom S.A. Limited (South
Mr. Taizo Nishimuro, President, Toshiba Corporation (Japan)
Mr. Jorma Ollila, President & CEO, Nokia (Finland)
Mr. Francisco J. Azevedo Padinha, Member of Board of Directors Portugal
Mr. Ravi Parthasarathy, Managing Director, Infrastructure Leasing
and Financial Services, Ltd. (India)
Mr. Manuel Arturo Pellerano Peña, President, Tricom SA (Dominican
Mr. Fausto Plebani, President, Italtel s.p.a. (Italy)
Mr. Donald B. Reed, Executive Director, Cable & Wireless
Mr. Fernando Restrepo, Chairman of the Board, R.T.I. Televisión,
Mr. Jean-François Rischard, Vice-President, Europe, The World
Mr. Souleymane Sall, President, Silicon Valley, Computer Technology
and Services (Senegal)
Mr. Shigeo Sawada, Chairman, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (Japan)
Mr. Ryoki Sugita, Executive Managing Director, NIKKEI (Japan)
Dr. Pairash Thajchayapong, Director, Natl Science & Technology
Development Agency (Thailand)
Ben Verwaayen, Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer,
Mr. Jose Manuel Villalvazo Baz, President, TECELMEX (Mexico)
Mr. Maxwell R. Wynter, Managing Director, The Jamaica Observer Ltd.
Mr. Eiichi Yoshikawa, Senior Vice President, NEC Corporation (Japan)
Mr. Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala, President, Ayala Corporation (Philippines)